How to Make Coffee
There are many ways to make a single cup of coffee. North Americans tend towards filtered coffee or instant where European countries, Australia and New Zealand are a little more particular when it comes to coffee but in the end it's just personal preference. At the end of the day they all use the same method hot water used to extract the coffee beans essential oils.
How to make coffee
Turkish coffee is made in an Arabia (copper pot) coffee grinds are added to the pot along with sugar and water and brought to a boil. It is then taken off the heat left to simmer and then replaced on the stove. This process is repeated usually three times. The boiling of coffee causes some of the flavor to be lost. Filtered method I think most people will be familiar with this method. It is by far the most common way to brew coffee. Ground coffee beans are placed in a paper filter and hot water is dripped over into a pot and then served.
This method draws the most flavor form the coffee beans. Ground beans are placed in the pot with hot water poured on top the pot is left to stand for several minutes. The plunger is then pushed down separating the coffee grinds from the coffee. This method has only recently become popular in Canada even though it was invented in 1933 strange.
The quality of instant coffee's have improved greatly since the 1980's when it was first marketed to consumers. Instant coffee actually stays fresher longer, moisture oxygen and light do not affect the flavors as much and it is incredibly convenient. To make instant coffee the coffee flavors are extracted using hot water then the water is removed by heat or by a freezing process producing the powder. Coffee essences are often replaced after the process is completed.
Espresso and Cappuccino
Now we are talking good coffee, if you have ever had a good espresso or cappuccino made using a espresso machine not from Tim Hortons you will know what I'm talking about. An espresso machine is a very expensive piece of equipment it works by forcing high pressure steam although very finely ground coffee grinds extracting the most flavor possible form the bean. This steam condensates and drips into a tiny cup. Cappuccino is made using an espresso and adding frothed milk. I know your thinking what is frothed milk I asked the same thing the first time I had to make a coffee on one of these machines. Basically you pour the mild into a jug, place a spout into the jug steam comes out of this spout that aerating the milk giving it a frothy consistency. You must be careful not to over heat the milk as you can burn it if it becomes too hot.